Home Linux System Administration How To Install Git On Debian 10 Buster

How To Install Git On Debian 10 Buster

by schkn

This tutorial explains in details how to install Git on a Debian 10 Buster instance.

Created in 2005 by Linus Torvalds, Git is by far the most commonly used distributed version control system in the world.

This tool is mainly used by development teams to keep track of all the changes happening on a code base, as well as organizing code in individual branches.

It is for example used by very big companies such as GitHub, Gitlab or Bitbucket.

In today’s tutorial, we are going to see how to setup Git on a Debian 10 Buster machine.

Debian 10 is brand new, so if you need a complete setup tutorial for Debian 10 Buster, follow this tutorial

I – Prerequisites

Before starting, make sure that you have root privileges on your instance.

To make sure of it, run the following command.

$ sudo -l
Verifying Sudo rights

II – Install Git from official sources

a – Update your apt repositories

First of all, make sure that you have the latest versions of the repositories on your apt cache.

To update them, run the following command:

$ sudo apt update
Updating apt repositories

b – Install Git from the official repository

To install the latest stable version of Git (2.20.1 in my case), run the following command.

$ sudo apt-get install git
Install Git on Debian 10 from official repositories


Now you can check the git version that is running on your computer.

$ git --version

III – Installing Git From Source

As you probably noticed, you are not getting the latest version of Git with the apt repositories.

As of August 2019, the latest Git version is 2.22.0.

In order to install the latest Git version on your Debian 10 instance, follow those instructions.

a – Install required dependencies

In order to build Git, you will have to install manually dependencies on your system. To do so, run the following command:

$ sudo apt-get install dh-autoreconf libcurl4-gnutls-dev libexpat1-dev \
  gettext libz-dev libssl-dev
Installing required dependencies for Git on Debian 10

b – Install documentation dependencies

In order to add documentation to Git (in different formats), you will need the following dependencies

$ sudo apt-get install asciidoc xmlto docbook2x
Install documentation dependencies

c – Install the install-info dependencies

On Debian configurations, you will need to add the install-info dependency to your system.

$ sudo apt-get install install-info
Installing the install-info package for Git

d – Download and build the latest Git version

Head to the Git repository on Github, and select the version you want to run on your Debian instance.

Head to the directory where you stored the tar.gz file, and run the following commands.

$ tar -zxf git-2.22.0.tar.gz
$ cd git-2.22.0
$ make configure
$ ./configure --prefix=/usr
$ make all doc info
$ sudo make install install-doc install-html install-info

Again, run the following command to make sure that Git is correctly installed on your system

$ git --version
Install Git on Debian 10 from source code

IV – Configuring Git

Now that Git is correctly set on your instance, it is time for you to configure it.

This information is used when you are committing to repositories, you want to make sure that you are appearing under the correct name and email address.

To configure Git, run the following commands:

$ git config --global user.name "devconnected" 
$ git config --global user.email "[email protected]"

Now to make sure that your changes are made, run the following command.

$ git config --list
Configuring Git on Debian 10 Buster

You can also look at your modifications in the gitconfig file available at your home directory.

To view it, run the following command.

$ cat ~/.gitconfig
Checking the Git configuration file

Now that your Git instance is up and running, it is time for you to make your first contributions to the open source world!

Here’s a very good link by Digital Ocean on a first introduction to the Open Source world!

V – Uninstalling Git

If by any chance you are looking for removing Git from your Debian 10 Buster instance, run the following command:

$ sudo apt-get remove git
How to remove Git from Debian 10

Until then, have fun, as always.

You may also like

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.